The ancestry of the Justice family is nearly as elusive as our own Corel ancestors. Also like the Corel’s, the Justice’s do have some interesting lines merged with them. The earliest information I could find on the Justice name is just one generation before William Justice married Cosby Jane Corel. After some additional digging, I have seen where it is believed that the father of Alfred Justice (grandfather to William Justice) may be a Julius “J.A.” Justice or a William Justice. It is also believed that Alfred may have been born in Warren County, North Carolina or Robertson County, Tennessee.
William’s father, Alfred Justice, can be found on the 1830 census for Greene County, Tennessee with one male under five (William), one male 20 – 30 (Alfred), and one female 20 – 30 (Sarah) under the name Alfred Justis. At this time, they are living next to Joseph Henderson (Sarah’s brother) and John Henderson (Sarah’s father). John Henderson’s land was located on the border between Greene County and Cocke County, Tennessee.
According to census records, Alfred Justice was born about 1804 in Tennessee or North Carolina. It is estimated that Alfred Justice married Sarah Henderson about 1824-1825, about a year before their oldest child, William was born. Most likely the couple was married in Cocke County, Tennessee, as a fire destroyed all early court records, and no record of their marriage has ever been located.
Before the birth of their second child, Samuel Owen in 1833, Alfred and Sarah Henderson Justice moved their young family to Missouri. On the 1840 census in Jackson County, Missouri is a listing for A. Justice with two boys between 5 – 10 years, one boy 10 – 15 years, a man 30 – 40 years, one girl 5 – 10 years and one woman 20 – 30 years. I am not sure who two of these children are, but I do have a couple of thoughts. First, as was so common during this time period, one of the boys 5 – 10 years old and the girl 5 – 10 years old could have died before the 1850 census. On the 1850 census, there is a Harriet Dover living with the Justice family, aged 14 years. This could possibly be the girl from 1840, and possibly it was her brother who was the unknown young boy.
Alfred and Sarah Henderson Justice had four documented children:
- William Justice was born February 22, 1926 in Greene County, Tennessee. He married Cosby Jane Corel.
- Samuel Justice was born October 21, 1833 in Jackson County, Missouri. He married Sarah Tungett on March 5, 1856 in Kansas City, Jackson County, Missouri. According to Norma Hisper Harper’s book, Hidden Hendersons of Greene and Cocke Counties Tennessee, Samuel was a Civil War Veteran who fought with the Confederate States of America and surrenderred at New Orleans. I was able to find a Samuel Justice who enlisted with Missouri’s 2nd Regiment Calvary Volunteers on January 1, 1862 in Springfield, Missouri, however, at that time Samuel had three children under the age of 5 and although it is considered the war that put brother against brother, I have found that it is more likely to be cousin against cousin. I just don’t think that Alfred’s some Samuel was in the Civil War. The 1860 census shows Samuel living in Westport, Jackson County, Missouri and is working as a teamster. By 1865 Samuel moved his young family in with his parents in Shawnee, Johnson County, Kansas. Samuel died in Shawnee, Johnson County, Kansas, but he is not shown as being buried with the other Justice family members in Shawnee Cemetery.
- Martha E. Justice was born March 16, 1841 in Jackson County, Missouri. She married S. Crawford Houston. In 1880 Martha and Sam Houston are living in Cape Girardeau, Cape Girardeau County, Missouri. From census records, it appears that Martha had at least 7 children. Martha died December 7, 1916.
- James A. Justice was born about 1843 in Jackson County, Missouri. In Norma Hisper Harper’s book, Hidden Hendersons of Greene and Cocke Counties Tennessee, James is said to have been part of Company K of the 25th Regiment of the Missouri Infantry. In my research, I have found that there was a James Justace/Justes in Company K, but I do not believe that this is James A. Justice, son of Alfred and Sarah Henderson Justice. The 25th Regiment was originally organized as the 13th Regiment Infantry that organized in St. Louis, Missouri in 1861. Even with today’s transportation options, that is still quite a trip from where the Justice family was living. In my search, I did find a James A. Justice from Shawnee, Kansas who mustered with the 15th Regiment Kansas Calvary. Company A of the 15th Regiment was formed in September 1863 with men from Franklin and Johnson counties enlisting. Unfortunately, this means that our James Justice was not captured at Shiloh and shot in error as a Confederate spy in 1864. In fact, according to the Report of the Adjutant General of Kansas, James deserted on June 2, 1864 after enlisting on September 5, 1863.
At a later time, I will go back and look a bit deeper at the Henderson family mentioned above. Another family connection can be found there!