Tombstone Tuesday ~ Henry H. McGlothlin

Henry H McGlothlin, © All rights reserved

Henry H McGlothlin, © All rights reserved

This photo was taken by John Jackson at Pleasanton Cemetery, Pleasanton, Linn County, Kansas on August 19, 2007.

A few years after his father remarried in Kentucky, Henry H. McGlothlin went back west to live with his grandmother in Lawrence, Douglas County, Kansas1.  By Spring of 1864 Henry is living in Olathe, Johnson County, Kansas when he enlists into Company K of the 15th Kansas Calvary Regiment2.

The 15th Kansas Calvary dealt with a minor skirmish from time to time while patrolling the Kansas – Missouri border.  October 19, 1864, Major General Alfred Pleasonton and 7,000 cavalrymen were chasing down the infamous Confederate General Price through western Missouri when about 2,000 cavalrymen from the 15th headed towards Lexington, Lafayette County, Missouri to aid in slowing down the Confederates3.  The Union was defeated at Lexington, and the Kansas Militia retreated and the next day arrived at the Little Blue River, eight miles east of Independence, Jackson County, Missouri.

A small force was left at the Little Blue Bridge to keep the Confederates from crossing, while the Kansas troops were ordered to Independence.  On the 21st the Kansas Militia was ordered to return to the Little Blue, where it was discovered that the small force had retreated from the prime defensive hold when faced by the numerous Confederate soldiers.  The Union forces tried to take back the defensive location along the river, but a five hour battle took it’s toll on the smaller army and the Union was forced to retreat to Independence4.  The following day, the Army of the Border, which included the 15th Kansas Calvary, established a strong defensive line along the Big Blue River when they were attacked and pushed back from Byram’s Ford, where General Price was able to ford his men and cattle across the river.

The Border Army retreated back to Westport, Jackson County, Kansas as General Price crossed the river.  General Alfred Pleasonton was close behind Price and easily defeated the Rebel division left to protect Byram’s Ford on October 23, 18645.  General Price continued to move his Confederate Army towards Westport, deciding to take on the Army of the Border before dealing with General Pleasonton’s force closing in behind him.  The battle that took place at Westport on October 23, 1864 would have more soldiers than any other battle west of the Mississippi River (about 40,000).  The Army of the Border attacked the Confederates across Brush Creek at Westport.  The Rebels were holding off the attacks until the Union reinforcements from the Big Blue River as well as General Pleasonton’s army reached Wesport.  General Price had no choice but to retreat south.  The Battle of Westport was the deciding factor on the success of Price’s Missouri Expedition.  From this day on, the Confederates were in retreat6,7.

Two days after the Battle of Westport the 15th Kansas Calvary was among the troops that followed Price’s army south to Mine Creek in Linn County, Kansas8.  Although outnumbered more than two to one, the Union forces were able to take control of the area and about 600 Confederate prisoners after only thirty minutes of battle9.  The following year was rather uneventful for the 15th Kansas Calvary.  The regiment mustered out on October 19, 186510.  During his service, Henry H. McGlothlin was promoted to First Sergeant11.

More can be read about Henry H. McGlothlin on his page here on the Corel Cousins website.

  1. Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004. Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Eighth Census of the United States, 1860. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1860. M653, 1,438 rolls. Year: 1860; Census Place: Wakarusa, Douglas, Kansas Territory; Roll: M653_349; Page: 0; Image: 53. <http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=1860usfedcenancestry&h=44025741&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt> (accessed March 27, 2007)
  2. Ancestry.com. Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War Soldiers (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA. Copyright 1997-2009, Historical Data Systems, Inc., PO Box 35, Duxbury, MA 02331. Side served: Union; State served: Kansas; Enlistment date: 23 Mar 1864. <http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=hdssoldiers&h=5351751&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt> (accessed May 12, 2009)
  3. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. “Price in Missouri and Kansas: September-October 1864: Lexington II, Missouri (MO023), Lafayette County, October 19, 1864.” Civil War Battlefield Guide (January 1998): 382-382. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=12346181&site=ehost-live> (accessed May 18, 2009)
  4. National Park Service. “Battle Summary: Little Blue River.” The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP). ParkNet, National Park Service. <http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/mo024.htm> (accessed May 19, 2009)
  5. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. “Price in Missouri and Kansas: September-October 1864: Big Blue River (Byram’s Ford), Missouri (MO026), Jackson County, October 22-23, 1864.” Civil War Battlefield Guide (January 1998): 383-383. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=12346184&site=ehost-live> (accessed May 19, 2009)
  6. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. “Price in Missouri and Kansas: September-October 1864: Westport, Missouri (MO027), Jackson County, October 23, 1864..” Civil War Battlefield Guide (January 1998): 384-384. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=12346185&site=ehost-live> (accessed May 19, 2009)
  7. National Park Service. “Battle Summary: Westport, MO.” The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP). ParkNet, National Park Service. <http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/mo027.htm> (accessed May 19, 2009)
  8. National Park Service. “15th Regiment, Kansas Calvary.” Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System. <http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/index.html> (accessed March 13, 2009)
  9. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. “Price in Missouri and Kansas: September-October 1864: Big Blue River (Byram’s Ford), Missouri (MO026), Jackson County, October 22-23, 1864.” Civil War Battlefield Guide (January 1998): 383-383. History Reference Center, EBSCOhost <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=khh&AN=12346187&site=ehost-live> (accessed May 19, 2009)
  10. Ancestry.com. Historical Data Systems, comp.. American Civil War Soldiers (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 1999. Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA. Copyright 1997-2009, Historical Data Systems, Inc., PO Box 35, Duxbury, MA 02331. Side served: Union; State served: Kansas; Enlistment date: 23 Mar 1864. <http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=hdsregiment&h=3411&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt> (accessed May 12, 2009)
  11. National Park Service. U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 (database on-line). Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2007. Original data: National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, online <http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/>, acquired 2007. <http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=nps_civilwarsoldiers&h=4225959&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt> (accessed May 12, 2009)
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